Characteristics of Diamonds

Are you looking to buy loose diamonds? There are so many types of loose diamonds out there, the most famous ones being the heart shape loose diamonds and the pear shaped loose diamonds. But as many of us are not diamonds connoisseurs, here is a guideline on how to identify some characteristics of diamonds which you can proudly show off to people whom in turn you can advise.

Speck - A tiny impact or a shock spot on the surface of the diamond which can create very small lines like roots inside the stone. The presence of a small trace of abrasion can explain the difference between a degree IF and VVS1.

Cavity - An angular opening in the surface of the diamond, created when a part of a pen has separated. In higher purity grades, this may be invisible to the naked eye.

Chip - A surface opening resulting from the size or damage to the surface of a stone. Larger chips can result in significant weight loss. In higher grades of purity, the chip may be invisible to the naked eye.

Cloud - A group of tiny crystallites found inside a diamond, too small to distinguish them individually. In diamonds of higher purity, clouds are often difficult to detect at a magnification of 10x. Sometimes with less diamonds of lower purity, you can see a note on the classification report that purity is based on clouds that do not show up. This can be considered a "micro-cloud" and in rare cases may become slightly visible to the naked eye.

Crystal - A crystal is a small piece of mineral, diamond or other material that is found inside a diamond. It may vary in size, shape and color, and may extend to the surface of the diamond.

Feather - A general term for a fracture or crack in a diamond that extends to the surface. In diamonds of higher purity, the feathers may be so shallow or slightly accentuated in relief that they are difficult to find even at a magnification of 10x.

Natural cutting the round - A rim or a notched part of the original rough diamond, left unpolished, located beneath the finished and polished diamond surface.
A transparent crystal included that extends to the surface of the diamond after the final shaping.

Natural - Part of the surface of the raw diamond of origin left unpolished on the finished diamond. It is usually found near the girdle and is often undetectable to the naked eye seen from above.
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